Dobrogea: Seaside and Rich Biodiversity
Location: South-Eastern Romania, between the Danube and the Black Sea
Dobrogea is a special and unique territory where Europe’s youngest land and the world’s third highest biodiversity area, the Danube Delta, coexists with some of the oldest mountains of the continent. The natural landscape is completed by the shore of the Black Sea where ancient history left its traces under the form of Greek colonies ruins.
During the Antiquity, the Greeks built colonies here, encouraged by the key position of the Black Sea on the commercial routes of the time. After that, Dobrogea was part of the Roman and Byzantine Empires and of the Bulgarian medieval state. The province was incorporated to Southern Romanian only for a few years during the medieval times before being ruled for more than 400 years by the Ottoman Empire. In 1878, after winning its independence, the young Romanian state took back Dobrogea, and the region started developing around the main port of the country, Constanta.
Dobrogea was one of the most multicultural parts of Romania, at least until the middle of the 20th century. In 1930, 44,2% of its population was Romanian, 22,8% Bulgarian, 18,5% were Turks, 2,7% Tatars, 3,4% Germans and to a smaller extent Greeks. At the time, Dobrogea was one of the most multicultural spaces of the continent, with a rich diversity of languages, religions and customs. (Source: Romania tara de frontiera a Europei by Lucian Boia, Humanitas, 2007).
Although today the ethnic groups are less numerous, their presence and culture contributes decisively to the cultural charm of Dobrogea.
Tourism in Dobrogea
Dobrogea is mostly a summer destination if you’d like to add some beach days to your vacation, but an all seasons attraction if you wish to explore the Danube Delta and discover the former Greek colonies.
Nature attractions: the Danube Delta, Macinului Mountains National Park
Sports: water sports, hiking, horseback riding
Not to miss: the ancient ruins and the Danube Delta