Retezat National Park: Romania’s Most Precious Wilderness

Diana Condrea
Diana Condrea
Diana is a tourism consultant, tour guide, travel writer and amateur photographer. You can find Diana on LinkedIn

Take a look at our hiking tour in Retezat National Park. More active tours on

Retezat National Park is a must for passionate hikers and wilderness enthusiasts. It’s a true Carpathian rock fortress with 20 peaks over 2,000 meters and a maximum altitude of 2,509 meters on Peleaga Peak, the third-highest in Romania. Hiking in Retezat National Park is a one of a kind experience as its trails are bordered by over 80 glacial lakes and tarns, including the largest of this kind in Romania, Bucura (8,8 hectares) and the deepest, Zanoaga (29 meters).

Retezat National Park

Bucura Lake

It’s the ideal place for passionate bird watchers as half of the country’s bird species are found here, along with almost 1,200 plant species and a wide variety of endangered plants and spectacular wildlife. This is the first national park of Romania, a UNESCO Reserve of the Biosphere, and one of the best conserved wild areas in the Carpathians.

One of the last wilderness areas in Europe

Located in the western part of the Southern Carpathians, occupying a surface of 38,138 hectares, this national park protects one of the last remaining pristine forests in Europe. Retezat National Park is home to 55 species of mammals, overall 23% of all European terrestrial mammals, including the iconic brown bears, wolves, and lynx.

Retezat National Park


Photo via Fotolia

This protected area also shelters 120 bird species like the song thrush, the ring ouzel, the red-breasted flycatcher, the chiffchaff, the nutcracker, and the rare and magnificent golden eagle. Due to this great diversity, Retezat National Park was included in the Important Bird Areas Network. Even butterflies are a common presence, in number and species, and specialists assigned two Prime Butterfly Areas in the area of the park. More than one-third of Romania’s flora species can be found here and 90 of these plants are extremely important for conservation as they are endemic, while 130 are rare or vulnerable.

Retezat National Park is a hiker’s dreamland

Its tall and rocky peaks alongside its breathtaking glacial lakes are the main attractions of the park, truly a hikers’ dreamland. Its highest peak, Peleaga, offers on a sunny day a scenic view over abrupt peaks like Papusa (2,508 meters) and Custura (2,457 meters), and an overwhelming image of some of the park’s most beautiful lakes.

Retezat National Park

Taul Tapului

In fact, Retezat National Park is also known as the ‘blue eye land’ due to its many beautiful glacial lakes, including the largest and deepest glacial lakes in Romania.

Nearby attractions to visit

Besides the area of the park, you have the chance to explore one of the most beautiful regions in Romania, the Country of Hateg. Among its major attractions are the mysterious Densus Church, one of the oldest Orthodox churches in Romania, and the 14th century Corvin Castle. The 13th century Santamaria Orlea Church and the 14th century Prislop Monastery are also well worth a visit. Save some time to visit the Dinosaurs Geopark where Europe’s dinosaurs lived hundreds of millions of years ago.

Close to the national park, you can also explore the ruins of the Dacian fortifications from Sarmizegetusa Regia and the ruins of the Roman capital from Ulpia Traiana Sarmizegetusa.

Corvin Castle

Corvin Castle

Romania’s oldest national park and one of Europe’s last remaining wilderness areas, Retezat National Park is one of the few places on the continent where nature stands, at least for now, above human destruction. This is why hiking here is a privilege that should be lived at least once in a lifetime with the care and respect nature deserves.

Where to stay

The best options for a multi-day hike are camping or staying at the high-altitude mountain huts. If you’re planning for shorter hikes or if you simply want to relax, we recommend the guest houses from the nearby villages. Our recommendations are the guest houses Pensiunea Retezat, Casa Canda, Pensiunea Dumbravita, Cabana Soarelui Retezat.

Travel tips

The weather can be very unstable even during summers. Come prepared with warm and waterproof clothes.

Camping is only allowed at designated points.

Some of the trails are long and difficult. Check the map and the trails before you leave, and take plenty of water supplies with you. Water resources are scarce in the area.

Discover the hiking routes from the Retezat Mountains with this great guidebook The Mountains of Romania.


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