The Watermills from Eftimie Murgu: Timeless Traditions

This attraction is included in our Adventure Tour along the Danube Gorges. More tours on

The 22 watermills from Eftimie Murgu, Almajului Mountains, are a rare attraction in Romania, as they represent the largest watermills park in South-East Europe. More than an open-air museum, these watermills are still used by locals to grind their cereals, following faithfully the tradition of their ancestors.

Watermills from Eftimie Murgu

Grinding cereals for centuries

Grinding maize using the watermills goes back a long time in this small village, previously known as Rudaria, a place that exists at least since 1241 when its name was first documented. More than two centuries ago, in 1722, eight watermills were functioning in the village, their number increasing at 51 by the end of the 19th century. But most likely, the practice existed in Eftimie Murgu for many centuries before being officially mentioned.

Watermills from Eftimie Murgu

Using these basic hydraulic installations was only possible due to the village’s location along the gorges of Rudaria River and the skillfulness of its locals who, with limited means, directed the watercourse to power the wheels that activated the grinding mechanism. Sure, the process is slow and completely unfit for industrial scale production, but you’ll not find such full-flavored maize flour in the supermarkets anyway.

Watermills from Eftimie Murgu

Exploring the watermills from Eftimie Murgu is best done on foot, starting at the end of the village, keeping the narrow path that follows the river. Some watermills are open while others are closed and you might just be so lucky to find the locals grinding their grains, a wonderful opportunity to witness a timeless tradition. Plus, you get to see the beautiful gorges of Rudaria, a peaceful place, perfect for a bike ride.

Travel tips

Bigar Waterfall is just a short drive away. Don’t miss this world unique attraction.

Eftimie Murgu is half-distance between the Iron Gates Natural Park and Cheile Nerei-Beusnita National Park.

This attraction is included in our Adventure Tour along the Danube Gorges. More tours on

About the author

Diana is a tourism consultant, tour guide, travel writer and amateur photographer, focusing on sustainable tourism practices and destinations. You can find Diana Condrea on Twitter and Google+

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